Carpino nero

(ostrya carpinifolia scop.)

Carpino nero

A medium-sized deciduous tree that rarely exceeds 15 meters in height, it has a straight trunk with a circular cross-section from the gathered and somewhat elongated foliage.

The bark at a young age is smooth and reddish in color then with time shows vertical blackish-red splits, the leaves oval and pointed, 5/8 cm. long, light green-opaque.

Fruits are achenes, small in clusters and each enclosed within a blistered involucre, flowering of them occurs April-May.

A thermophilic, very hardy plant species that tolerates even calcareous-marly soils well, very drought-resistant, prefers well-aerated, nonacidic soils free of waterlogging. Its range includes Southern Europe, Western Asia while in Italy it is found throughout the hilly and sub-mountainous belt.

In nature, it is found in symbiosis with numerous truffle species such as Tuber Magnatum, Tuber Brumale, Tuber Melanosporum, Tuber Aestivum, Tuber Borchii, while in truffle cultivation it is suitable for mycorrhization with Tuber Aestivum, Tuber Melanosporum, Tuber Borchii, Tuber Brumale.

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